A Tanka, thangka, is a painted or embroidered Buddhist banner which was hung Tibetan originally in a monastery or a family altar and above was worn during ceremonial processions of monks. The Tibetan word thang means plane, and shows that a thangka is a painting on a flat surface, which can be rolled up, however, when there is no display is required. For the latter, it is often called a scroll painting (scroll painting). The most common form of the thangka is rectangular in portrait mode. The image is traditionally painted on cotton prepared with glue drawn from jakhuid mixed with lime. If one uses paint pigments with the binder jakvet. This paint after drying is water-resistant and elastic. The thangka usually has a silk veil, if desired, in order to protect the image against light influences.
Initially hit a thangka painting in use among traveling monks because they are easy to roll and could be transported from monastery to monastery. These thangka served as important teaching material to show the lives of Buddha, Bodhisattvas and various influential lamas and gods. A popular theme is the wheel of life to a visual representation of the teachings of Abhidhamma is. Thangkas be seen by some as colorful wall decorations, while for Buddhists have the meaning of a divine apparition.
When a thangka is well made, it performs several functions. As images of deities are used as teaching tools when the life or lives of Buddha are depicted historical events surrounding important lamas are described or myths of gods are retold. The religious images serve as a central point of a ritual or ceremony, and often provide a medium through which prayers or requests can be made. In general, the religious art is used as an aid to meditation to help someone further down the road to enlightenment.
Painting in Nepal