Jaipur is the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan. The city is located in the eponymous district of Jaipur and has 2,324,319 inhabitants (2001). The city is a major tourist attraction. Jaipur is known as the pink city because of the many rose-colored buildings that are there to find zijn.De city was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II (1693-1743), who Jaipur owes its name. Maharaja Jai Singh II was about the same principality Jaipur (in various time periods Dhundhar, Kachwaha or called Amber). He moved his court from neighboring Amber, which is 11 kilometers from Jaipur. Jaipur was to serve as a new, more prestigious capital since Amber could no longer accommodate the growing population. The Maharaja consulted several books and switched Bengali city planner Vidyadhar Bhattacharya to build the city. As a result, the city has a tight grid pattern of relatively wide roads. Bhattacharya helped Maharaja Jai Singh II, in the construction of the royal palace in the center of the city, and now world-famous Observatory (Jantar Mantar). In the mid-19th century the town had become too small for the growing population. Under Maharaja Ram Singh II began the construction of neighborhoods outside the city wall. On the occasion of the visit of the Prince of Wales in 1876, the city was painted pink, the traditional color of hospitality among the Rajputs. The Albert Hall in the new town was built for the same visit.